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Show Me the Adjectives!
Students will be able to express specific (showing) details in their writing.
- Tell students that today, they will learn how to turn their telling details into showing details.
- Ask students to define a telling detail. Ask students to define a showing detail. Define for students if they have difficulty: A Telling detailIs a general detail. It does not give your readers a lot of information. A Showing detailIs a specific detail. It gives your readers additional information and answers their questions.
- Define additional key terms if needed.
- Read the poem Show... Don't Tell to motivate students for the lesson.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(20 minutes)
- Hang the poster size Adjective-Adjective-Noun organizer for students to view. Explain its contents.
- Tell students you're going to read a story to find as many adjectives as possible. You'll list the adjectives on chart paper.
- Begin to read your chosen story. Think aloud and list the adjectives the author used to paint a picture. You can sort the adjectives by attribute if you desire (colour, size, shape, appearance, texture, etc.).
- After reading, reread the list of adjectives. Discuss how you were able to paint a picture in your mind due to the author's choice of words.
- Next, refer to the Adjective-Adjective-Noun organizer. Tell students you are going to paint a picture for them by recording adjectives to describe nouns (refer to the teacher example and the list of adjectives and nouns if needed).
- Record a noun. Then, record two adjectives to describe the noun. Make sure the adjectives are precise. Complete the entire organizer.
- Choose two examples from the organizer and write a complete sentence for each. When done, reread each sentence. Ask students if they were able to paint a picture in their mind. Take any questions or comments.
Guided practise(15 minutes)
- Hang a second Adjective-Adjective-Noun organizer.
- Tell students it's their turn to paint a picture for you.
- Choose a student to share a noun. Record it. Select another student to give you two precise adjectives to describe the noun. Ask if it makes sense.
- Continue in the same manner until the organizer is completed.
- Choose a student to select an example to form a complete sentence. Choose another student to do the same. Reread each sentence to make sure it's precise and makes sense.
Independent working time(20 minutes)
- Before allowing them to work independently, ask students if they understand the Adjective-Adjective-Noun organizer.
- Reread the Show… Don't Tell poem a second time to motivate students to work independently.
- Pass out a copy of the Adjective-Adjective-Noun organizer and a list of simple adjectives and nouns. Tell students they will complete the same organizer you modeled for them. Encourage them to use the list of adjectives and nouns.
- Tell your students to choose two examples from their organizer to write two complete sentences for.
- Instruct your students to walk back to their desks/tables and begin.
- Enrichment:Students who are above level can be encouraged to complete the organizer without the help of the adjective and noun list.
- Support:Students who need direction and support can be paired with students who show strength in writing. Have these students to use only one adjective to describe each noun.
- As students are working independently, walk around and check in with each student.
- Observe to see if students are completing the Adjective-Adjective-Noun organizer accurately or having difficulty with the process.
- Record your observations.
- If additional time is needed for assessment, make observations and notes during closing.
Review and closing(10 minutes)
- Divide class into pairs or groups of three. Each will share their written examples and sentences.
- Select three students to read their examples and sentences to the class. Have the audience share questions and comments.
- Next, ask students what they have to include to paint a picture for their readers.
- To end the lesson, read the Show... Don't Tell poem one more time.