# Typing 101: Introduction to Home Keys and Finger Placement

(3 ratings )

Students will be able to correctly place their fingers on the home keys and type different letter combinations.

(5 minutes)
• Tell students that today we are going to learn about keyboards and typing.
• Explain to students that knowing how to type and use a keyboard is an important skill to learn because people use computers and keyboards everyday.
• Tell students that we are going to focus on learning about the home row on a keyboard and practise placing our fingers correctly on the home keys using a paper keyboard.
• Tell students that the Home rowIs the centre row on a keyboard that has the home keys. The Home keysAre where you place your fingers when you are learning to type. The home keys include F, D, S, and A on the left of the keyboard, and J, K, L, and ; (semicolon) on the right of the keyboard.
(15 minutes)
• Project the worksheet Where Do My Fingers Go? onto the board.
• Direct students’ attention to the home row and the home keys.
• Tell students that today they will be focusing on how to correctly place each of their fingers on the home keys.
• Point to the hands at the bottom of Where Do My Fingers Go?
• Explain that each finger will rest on each of the home keys.
• Distribute Where Do My Fingers Go? to each student.
• Tell students to place their paper keyboard in front of them. Model for students using the projected keyboard where to place each finger.
• Tell students to raise their left hand. Go through and name each finger (e.g., “This is your pinky finger.”) Tell students to place their left index finger on the “F,” their left middle finger on the “D,” their left ring finger on the “S,” and their left pinky finger on the “A.”
• Tell students to raise their right hand. Tell students to place their right pointer finger on the “J,” their right middle finger on the “K,” their right ring finger on the “L,” and their right pinky finger on the semicolon.
• Tell students to place both of their thumbs on the space bar.
• Refer to the projected image of Where Do My Fingers Go? and point out to your students that each finger has a different colored-in circle (e.g., the left pinky finger has a red circle and the right pinky finger has a pink circle).
• As a class, go through and colour each home key and the space bar to match with the correct finger. For example, colour the “A” key red because the left pinky finger has a red circle, and colour the right semicolon key pink because the right pinky finger has a pink circle.
(15 minutes)
• Tell students that now that they have identified where each of their fingers should be placed on the keyboard they are going to practise typing using the home keys.
• Project the worksheet Home Keys practise: F, J, D, and K.
• Explain to students that on this worksheet they will practise typing the home keys of “F,” “J,” “D,” and “K.”
• Distribute Home Keys practise: F, J, D, and K to each student.
• Tell students to place their fingers on the home keys.
• Call on a volunteer to identify which fingers should be placed on “F,” “J,” “D,” and “K.”
• Model this finger placement using your pointer and middle fingers on the projected keyboard.
• Ask students to type the following letter combinations using their paper keyboards on Home Keys practise: F, J, D, and K: (say aloud to students) f-f-f, j-j-j, f-f-j-j, and j-f-j-f. Walk around the class to ensure that students are typing and placing their fingers correctly on these home keys. Continue with the following letter combinations: (say aloud to students) d-d-d, k-k-k, d-d-k-k, and d-k-d-k.
• Project the worksheet Home Keys practise: S, L, A, and ;.
• Explain to students that on this worksheet they will practise typing the home keys of “S,” “L,” A,” and the semicolon.
• Distribute the worksheet Home Keys practise: S, L, A, and ; to each student.
• Tell students to place their fingers on the home keys.
• Call on a volunteer to identify which fingers should be placed on the “S,” “L,” A,” and semicolon keys.
• Model this finger placement using your pointer and middle fingers on the projected keyboard.
• Ask students to type the following letter combinations using their paper keyboards on Home Keys practise: S, L, A, and ;: (say aloud to students) s-s-s, l-l-l, s-s-l-l. walk around the class to ensure that students are placing their fingers correctly on these home keys. Continue with the following letter combinations: (say aloud to students) a-a-a, semicolon-semicolon-semicolon, a-a-semicolon-semicolon, and a-semicolon-a-semicolon.
(15 minutes)
• Tell students they will continue to practise typing using their paper keyboards independently.
• Review the instructions on the two worksheets Home Keys practise: F, J, D, and K, and Home Keys practise: S, L, A, and ;. Tell students to begin with Home Keys practise: F, J, D, and K before moving on to Home Keys practise: S, L, A, and ;.
• Remind students to rest both of their thumbs on the space bar and to practise good posture by sitting up straight as they are typing.
• Encourage students to use the worksheet Where Do My Fingers Go? as a reference.

Support:

• Students can practise typing each of the home keys introduced in isolation (e.g., f-f-f-f-f-f) as opposed to typing the more complex letter combinations (e.g., f-f-j-d-d-k).
• Teachers could give students copies of the worksheets Home Keys practise: F, J, D, and K and Home Keys practise: S, L, A, and ; with the home keys already colored.

Enrichment:

• Students can practise typing their names and the names of their classmates and/or sentences from one of their classroom books.
• Teachers can teach students how to stretch their fingers from the home row to reach other letters.
• Students can follow up their typing lessons with online typing games (see related media).
(5 minutes)
• Using the worksheet Where Do My Fingers Go? ask students to type a variety of letter combinations that include the home keys that were introduced in this lesson.
• Monitor students as they are typing to ensure correct finger placement on the home keys.
(5 minutes)
• Brainstorm with students different times that they use a computer (e.g., playing online games, looking for pictures online, or typing their homework).
• Remind students that the next time they are at a computer they should check to be sure they are using correct finger placement on the home keys.
• Talk with students about the importance of using correct finger placement on the home keys and how doing so will help them become faster and more efficient typists.

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